Part 8 - Cooking, heating, refrigerating and lighting appliances

Introduction to the subject matter covered by the checks in Part 8

This Part covers the means to minimise the risk of fire and explosion caused by fuel leaking from appliances or by overheating surfaces and materials. It also covers the potential risks from ignition sources, such as pilot lights.

Part 8 also considers the capacity of an appliance to shut down automatically if its flame goes out and it examines what is a 'satisfactory flame picture' and why one is necessary to stay safe. The need to turn off appliances with naked flames and disable automatic ignition systems before taking on fuel is covered here too.

Inadequate ventilation has been the cause of avoidable and tragic accidents on boats. It is a cause, but not the only one, of incomplete or inefficient combustion of gas, solid or liquid fuels that can lead to a lethal build-up of carbon monoxide.

Whether the cause of this toxic gas is poor burning, blocked flues or leaking exhausts, it can be prevented by having appliances properly installed and maintained both competently and routinely.

The BSS requirements associated with cooking, heating, refrigerating and lighting appliances:

  • 25 All appliances must be designed, installed and maintained in a way that minimises the risks of explosion or of fire starting and spreading.
  • 26 All liquid-fuelled appliances must have an emergency shut-off valve located at a safe distance from the appliance.
  • 27 a) LPG and liquid-fuel burning appliances installed from 3 January 2000  -  All burners and pilot lights shall be fitted with a device that automatically shuts off the fuel supply if the burner flame fails.
  • 27 b) LPG and liquid-fuel burning appliances installed before 3 January 2000  -  Burners on catalytic appliances, appliances with continuouslyburning flames and pilot light burners shall be fitted with a device that automatically shuts off the fuel supply if the burner flame fails.
  • 28 All appliance flues must be designed, installed and maintained in a way that minimises the risk of fire.
  • 29 All fuel and power supply systems for appliances must meet these general requirements where relevant.

Notes on the subject of carbon monoxide that have a bearing on the nature of the Examination Checking Procedures

The safety of crew and passengers is the responsibility of the skipper or owner. The BSS offers some information and advice, which may help with that responsibility.

To that end, we draw a boat owner's attention the risks of carbon monoxide poisoning and the BSS helps to identify possible hazards caused by installations burning carbon-based fuels such as LPG, coal, wood, petrol and diesel

The production of carbon monoxide even at low rates over a period of time can lead to dangerous accumulations of this toxic gas in enclosed spaces. For this reason, we recommend that only appliances are used, which are serviceable, in good condition and suitable for use in a boat.

Furthermore, for greater safety we recommend the choice of roomsealed appliances, whenever possible.

There is a growing recognition of the risks associated with the use of non-room sealed gas appliances when used in confined spaces such as boats. This is very important with appliances that operate for extended periods and during the night. It is vital that they are maintained regularly by competent persons and always in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.

The proposals

The revised version of the ECPs can be read from a pdf format file by clicking the link on the image on the right below.

The orginal version of the Checking procedures can be read by clicking on the link on the left-hand image. This will launch the chapter of the BSS Guide that also contains all the relevant guidance and descriptions which may offer a more whole perspective.

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ECP Cover 300x200

Click on this image to see original ECPs and notes  Click on this image to see Proposed revisions